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TRANSPORT & HANDLING TESTING

Palletised unit loads & large packagings

Testing that achieves your benefits

Simulate a distribution cycle

Test to ASTM D4169 or ISTA 3B/E. These methods are designed to simulate the shocks, loadings, and environments that your palletised unit load may experience before it reaches the customer.

ASTM D4169 is customisable and is useful when you're qualifying a particular pallet design.

ISTA 3B/E is more defined and is useful when you want to create a standard of performance between packaging designs or you don’t know how they’ll be used in the field.

Improvement and risk mitigation

Test your palletised unit load to your tailored requirements. This may depend on what you’re trying to achieve, the packaging specifications, how it’s transported or how it’s used.

If you're having failures in the market, then we can replicate them in the lab to diagnose the issue.

WE CONDUCT SHOCK AND IMPACT TESTS

Transport shock & impact tests

Excellent for simulating falls, being thrown around during truck transport and crashing waves during sea transport.

  • Side impact tests
  • Concentrated impact tests
  • Free-fall and rotational drop tests
  • Environmental conditioning
  • Multi-axis accelerometer measurement & logging
  • High-speed camera recordings

 

WE CONDUCT ROUGH FORKLIFT HANDLING TESTING

Rough forklift handling testing

Excellent for simulating impacts and quick accelerations when pallets are mishandled in the warehouse

  • Side impact tests
  • Free-fall and rotational drop tests
  • Concentrated tine impact tests
  • Over tilting
  • Acceleration/deceleration testing
  • Obstacle course testing

WE CONDUCT COMPRESSION TESTING

Compression resistance testing

Excellent for simulating stacked pallets in warehouse storage along with the effects of creep and environmental degradation.

  • Dynamic compression tests
  • Static (warehouse) compression tests
  • Environmental conditioning
  • Floating and fixed platen orientations
  • Force-displacement-time measurement & logging
  • Time-lapse camera recordings
  • 25T compressive capacity

 

WE CONDUCT TRANSPORT TESTING

Transport simulation testing

Excellent for simulating the repetitive shocking effect of multi-axis random/sinusoidal vibration experienced during transport.

  • Truck vibration simulation
  • Rail vibration simulation
  • Aeroplane (air) vibration simulation
  • Stacked vibration simulation
  • Multi-axis accelerometer measurement & logging

Note: Ship (sea) vibration simulation is generally simulated due to its low-frequency and high-amplitude nature. Instead, sea transport is considered by testing a packaging’s resistance to shocks. These transport tests are performed with one of our associated laboratories.

WE CAN SIMULATE HARSH ENVIRONMENTS

Harsh environment testing

  • Temperature control, -25 – 50°C
  • Humidity control, 30 – 99% RH
  • Standard fibreboard conditions, 23±1°C and 50±2% RH
  • Cyclic temperature test between 0-40°C
  • Programmable temperature profile between 0-40°C

Note: other environmental resistance (accelerated aging, weathering) tests include weather and UV resistance using QUV machines or Xenon machines. These tests are designed for materials testing. These weathering tests are performed with one of our associated laboratories.

 

Common large packaging tests

  • Free-fall drop impact test
  • Drop impact test with a shock tester
  • Concentrated impact
  • Penetration resistance
  • Horizontal and inclined side impact tests
  • Rolling test
  • Tilt test
  • Handle strength tests
  • Leakproofness
  • Internal pressure (hydraulic) test
  • Stacking tests with a compression tester
  • Stacking tests with a static load
  • Acceleration/deceleration
  • High altitude (low pressure, vacuum) test
  • Water spray test
  • Cobb (water absorption) test
  • Random vibration (transport simulation) test. Truck, rail, sea, air custom simulations.
  • Chemical compatibility
  • Permeability testing
  • Accelerated aging
  • Environmental stress crack analysis
  • Miscellaneous fibreboard testing
  • Environmental conditioning

 

Common test methods

  • ASTM D7386 - Standard Practice for Performance Testing Of Packages For Single Parcel Delivery Systems
  • ASTM D4169 - Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
  • ASTM D6055 - Test Methods for Mechanical Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
  • ASTM D6179 - Test Methods for Rough Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
  • ISO 4180:2019 (AS 2587) - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — General rules for the compilation of performance test schedules
  • ISO 2206 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Identification of parts when testing
  • ISO 10531 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Stability testing of unit loads
  • ISO 8768 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Toppling test
  • ISO 8474 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Water immersion test
  • ISO 2876 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Rolling test
  • ISO 2248 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Vertical impact test by dropping
  • ISO 13355 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads — Vertical random vibration test
  • ISO 8318 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads — Sinusoidal vibration tests using a variable frequency
  • ISO 2875 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads — Water-spray test
  • ISO 2873 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads — Low pressure test
  • ISO 2247 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads — Vibration tests at fixed low frequency
  • ISO 2244 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads — Horizontal impact tests
  • ISO 2234 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads — Stacking tests using a static load
  • ISO 2233 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads — Conditioning for testing
  • ISO 12048 - Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Compression and stacking tests using a compression tester
  • ISTA 2A: Packaged-Products weighing 150 lb (68 kg) or Less
  • ISTA 2B: Packaged-Products weighing over 150 lb (68 kg)
  • ISTA 2C: Furniture Packages
  • ISTA 3A: Packaged-Products for Parcel Delivery System Shipments 70kg (150 lb) or Less (standard, small, flat or elongated)
  • ISTA 3F: Packaged Products for Distribution Center to Retail Outlet Shipment 100 lb (45 kg)
  • ISTA 6: FEDEX-A: FedEx Procedures for Testing Packaged Products Weighing Up to 150 lbs.
  • ISTA 6: FEDEX-B: FedEx Procedures for Testing Packaged Products Weighing Over 150 lbs.